Английский для начинающих



Времена английских глаголов

Simple (Indefinite)

форма/времянастоящеепрошедшеебудущее
утвердительнаяverb Iverb IIwill + verb I
вопросительнаяdo (does) + verb Idid + verb Iwill + verb I
отрицательнаяdo (does) + not + verb Idid + not + verb Iwill + not + verb I
ключевые
слова
usually, always, often,
every day, never
last week, yesterday, last month,
days ago, the other day, long time ago
soon, tomorrow, next Sunday,
in the future
примеры Every day he goes to school.
He always goes there as he works as a teacher.
What do you usually do on hollidays?
Yesterday we went to the bowling.
When I was young I usually lived in London.
What time did he get up this morning?
I'll visit my granny tomorrow.
Will you eat this cake?
He won't do anything as he is too lazy.

Continuous

форма/времянастоящеепрошедшеебудущее
утвердительнаяam/is/are + verb+ingwas(were) + verb+ingwil be + verb+ing
вопросительная
отрицательная
ключевые
слова
still, at the moment, at present, this minute at six o'clock yesterday,
when my father came, while
when she arrives, at 5 next Sunday
примеры We are talking at the moment.
What are you doing here?
She isn't working this minute.
We were watching TV when the war started.
He was playing piano while I was reading a book.
Will you be playing tennis when I come?
Tomorrow at six I'll be reading something new.

Perfect

форма/времянастоящеепрошедшеебудущее
утвердительнаяhave (has) + verb IIIhad + verb IIIwil have + verb III
вопросительная
отрицательная
ключевые
слова
since, for, ever, never, just, already when we arrived, yesterday at nine, before by the time, tomorrow at five
примеры I have never seen him before.
We've just had breakfast.
I didn't know who he was. I'd never seen him before.
Had he already gone when you arrived?
The film will already have started
by the time we get to the cinema.
Next year they will have been married for 55 years.

Perfect Continuous

форма/времянастоящеепрошедшеебудущее
утвердительнаяhave (has) been + verb+inghad been + verb+ingwil have been + verb+ing
вопросительная
отрицательная
ключевые
слова
how long, for, since, all day, before
примеры My hands are tanned. I've been baking in the sun.
What have you been doing since we last met?
The ground was white. It had been snowing before. Tomorrow I'll be tired as I'll have been
working hard this evening.