Английский для начинающих

Английские фразовые глаголы (Phrasal Verbs)

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take after

Translate: (inseparable): resemble; favor (in appearance) (used for people)

Перевод: быть похожим, быть в кого-то

Both my sister and I take after our father.

take back

Translate: (separable): return something

Перевод: возвращать

This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the library.

take off

  • Translate: (separable): remove (something you're wearing)

    Перевод: снимать, сбрасывать

    Please take your hat off when you go inside a building.

  • Translate: (no object): leave; depart (often suddenly or quickly)

    Перевод: уходить (внезапно, быстро); срываться (с места)

    When does your plane take off?

  • Translate: (separable): make arrangements to be absent from work

    Перевод: отпрашиваться (с работы)

    Susan isn't here today. She's taking today and tomorrow off.

take up

Translate: (separable): begin (a hobby or leisure-time activity)

Перевод: браться (за что-л.); заниматься (чем-л.)

A: Do you like to ski?
B: I've never been skiing, but I think I'd like to take it up.

take care of

  • Translate: (inseparable): provide care for; watch one's health

    Перевод: ухаживать, заботиться

    Lois has been taking care of her father since he returned home from the hospital.

  • Translate: (ineparable): make arrangements (for something to happen); take responsibility for

    Перевод: позаботиться о чем-л., брать ответственность

    Will you take care of making reservations for our flight to Boston?

tell (someone) off

Translate: (separable): speak to someone bluntly and negatively, saying exactly what she/he did wrong

Перевод: ругать; отчитывать, бранить, разносить

Julie was really angry at Bob; she told him off in front of all of us.

throw away

Translate: (separable): discard; put in the garbage

Перевод: потратить, упустить шанс, не воспользоваться возможностью

You shouldn't throw those newspapers away; they're recyclable.

throw out

  • Translate: (separable): discard; put in the garbage

    Перевод: потратить, упустить шанс, не воспользоваться возможностью

    This food smells bad. You'd better throw it out.

  • Translate: (separable): forcibly make someone leave (usually because of bad behavior)

    Перевод: выгонять (кого-л.)

    Those people are drunk and making everyone uncomfortable. The manager should throw them out.

throw up

Translate: (usually no object; with an object, separable): vomit

Перевод: страдать рвотой, блевать

Paul was so nervous about his job interview that he threw up just before he left for it.

tick off

  • Translate: (separable): irritate someone; make someone upset or angry

    Перевод: выводить из себя, раздражать, сердить

    It really ticks her off when someone is late for an appointment.

  • Translate: (separable): show that something has been completed by putting a tick (check) beside it

    Перевод: отчитываться

    Here are the things you need to do. Tick each one off when you finish it.

try on

Translate: (separable): wear something briefly to check its fit, how it looks, etc

Перевод: примерять (одежду)

I'm not sure that jacket is large enough. May I try it on?

try out

Translate: (separable): use a machine briefly to determine how well it works

Перевод: испытывать, подвергать испытанию

I really like the way this car looks. May I try it out?

try out (for)

Translate: (inseparable): try to win a place on a team or other organization

Перевод: пробоваться (на роль)

I know you want to be on the football team. Are you going to try out?

turn around

  • Translate: (usually no object): move so that you are facing the opposite direction

    Перевод: повернуться

    Everyone turned around and stared when Ientered the meeting late.

  • Translate: (separable): move so that someone / something is facing the opposite direction

    Перевод: развернуть (кого-л.)

    I don't want this chair facing the window. Will you help me turn it around?

  • Translate: (separable): make changes so that something that was unprofitable is profitable

    Перевод: изменить, перевернуть, подойти с другой стороны

    The company was doing poorly until it hired a new president. He turned it around in about six months and now it's doing quite well.

turn down

  • Translate: (separable): decrease the volume

    Перевод: убавить, уменьшить (звук, свет)

    Your music is giving me a headache! Please turn it down or use your headphones!

  • Translate: (separable): refuse

    Перевод: отвергать (предложение); отказывать (кому-л.)

    I thought I could borrow some money from Joe, but when I asked, he turned me down.

turn in

  • Translate: (separable): give / deliver / submit to someone

    Перевод: возвращать, отдавать; сдавать

    I've written my report, but I haven't turned it in.

  • Translate: (no object): go to bed

    Перевод: лечь спать

    I'm pretty tired. I guess I'll turn in.

  • Translate: (separable): report or deliver wrongdoers to the authorities

    Перевод: сдаваться (властям)

    Two days after the robbery, the thieves turned themselves in.

turn off

  • Translate: (separable): stop by turning a handle or switch

    Перевод: выключать (радио, газ); гасить (свет)

    I'm cold. Do you mind if I turn the air conditioner off?

  • Translate: (separable): bore; repel (very informal)

    Перевод: терять вкус, интерес (к чему-л.)

    That music turns me off. Please play something else!

turn on

  • Translate: (separable): start by turning a handle or switch

    Перевод: включать (газ, радио, рубильник); зажигать

    It's cold in here. I'm going to turn the heater on

  • Translate: (separable): interest very much; excite (very informal)

    Перевод: волноваться, возбуждаться, активно интересоваться

    What kind of music turns you on?

turn up

  • Translate: (separable): increase the volume

    Перевод: прибавлять (газ, свет), усиливать (звук)

    I can barely hear the TV. Can you turn it up a little?

  • Translate: (no object): appear unexpectedly

    Перевод: неожиданно появляться, обнаруживаться; наткнуться

    We were all surprised when Pam turned up at the party. We didn't even know she was in town.