Английский для начинающих



Английские фразовые глаголы (Phrasal Verbs)

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n p s t w z

call off

Translate: (separable): cancel something that has been scheduled.

Перевод: отменять; откладывать, переносить

We don't have school today. The mayor called classes off because of the snow.


call on

Translate: (inseparable): ask someone for an answer in class

Перевод: вызвать (к доске)

I don't know why the teacher never calls on you. You always know the answer.


calm down

Translate: (with or without an object; with an object, separable): become calm / less agitated or upset; help someone become calm / less agitated or upset

Перевод: успокаиваться

Why are you so upset? Suzie didn't intend to spill orange juice on you. Calm down!


care for

Translate: (inseparable): take care of; supply care to; attend / watch

Перевод: заботиться

Amy's father got out of the hospital last week. The family is caring for him at home.


care / not care for

Translate: (inseparable): like; want (This phrasal verb is usually negative, though it may be used affirmatively in questions.)

Перевод: любить, обожать (используется обычно в отрицательной форме)

A: Would you care for something to drink? We have coffee, tea, or orange juice.
B: Could I have water, please? I don't care for coffee, tea, or juice.


catch on

Translate: (no object): develop understanding or knowledge of something

Перевод: войти в моду; завоевать популярность; привиться

Bill had never used a computer until he took this class, but he caught on very quickly and is now one of the best students.


catch up (with)

Translate: (often without an object; with an object, inseparable): stop being behind

Перевод: подхватить, нагнать, подняться

Terry stopped to rest for a few minutes. He'll catch up / catch up with us later.


check in(to)

Translate: (inseparable): register for / at a hotel, conference, etc.; let someone know officially that you have arrived

Перевод: регистрировать(ся) (на рейс)

When you arrive at the convention, be sure to check in at the registration desk.


check off

Translate: (separable): make a mark to indicate that something on a list has been completed

Перевод: закончить работу; отметиться

Here are the things you need to do. Please check each one off when you've finished it.


check out (of)

Translate: (inseparable): follow procedures for leaving (a hotel, etc.)

Перевод: отметиться при уходе с работы; выписаться (из отеля)

Don't forget to take your room key to the front desk when you check out (when you check out of the hotel).


check out

Translate: (separable): follow procedures for borrowing something (usually for a limited period of time)

Перевод: выписаться (из отеля)

I'm sorry, but you can't take that encyclopedia home. The library won't allow you to check reference books out.


cheer up

Translate: (separable): help someone feel less worried / depressed / sad

Перевод: развеселить, поднять настроение

Suzie's brother was depressed about not getting a promotion, so she sent him a funny card to cheer him up.


chew out

Translate: (separable): scold someone severely; berate

Перевод: отругать, сделать выговор

Tom's father was really angry when Tom didn't come home until 3:00 AM. He chewed Tom out and then said Tom had to stay at home for two weeks.


chicken out

Translate: (no object): lose the courage or confidence to do something--often at the last minute

Перевод: струсить

Sam said he was going to ask Lulu for a date, but he chickened out.


chip in

Translate: (inseparable): contribute / donate (often money) to something done by a group

Перевод: входить в долю; принимать участие (в чём-л.); поддерживать

We're going to buy a birthday cake for our boss and I'm collecting donations. Do you want to chip in?


clam up

Translate: (inseparable): suddenly become quiet / refuse to talk about something

Перевод: (резко) замолчать

Lila wouldn't talk about the accident. When I asked her what happened, she clammed up.


come across

Translate: (inseparable): find (unexpectedly)

Перевод: быть понятным, доходить (о словах, речи)

I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while your're cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place.


come down with

Translate: (inseparable): become ill with

Перевод: заболевать

George won't be at the office today. He came down with the flu over the weekend.


come to

  • Translate: (inseparable): total

    Перевод: равняться, составлять

    Your charges come to $124.38. Will you pay by check, in cash, or with a credit card?


  • Translate: (no object): regain consciousness

    Перевод: прийти в себя

    When I told Gina that she'd won a million dollars, she fainted. When she came to, I told her it was a joke and she almost hit me!


count on

Translate: (inseparable): depend on; trust that something will happen or that someone will do as expected

Перевод: рассчитывать

I'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I won't hear the alarm.


cross out

Translate: (separable): show that something written is wrong or unnecessary by making an X across it

Перевод: вычёркивать, стирать; удалять

We can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so I've crossed all the unnecessary things out.


cut back (on)

Translate: (often without an object; with an object, cut back on [inseparable]): use less of something

Перевод: сокращать

You drink too much coffee. You should cut back.