Английские фразовые глаголы (Phrasal Verbs)
Translate: (separable): cancel something that has been scheduled.
Перевод: отменять; откладывать, переносить
We don't have school today. The mayor called classes off because of the snow.
Translate: (inseparable): ask someone for an answer in class
Перевод: вызвать (к доске)
I don't know why the teacher never calls on you. You always know the answer.
Translate: (with or without an object; with an object, separable): become calm / less agitated or upset; help someone become calm / less agitated or upset
Why are you so upset? Suzie didn't intend to spill orange juice on you. Calm down!
Translate: (inseparable): take care of; supply care to; attend / watch
Amy's father got out of the hospital last week. The family is caring for him at home.
care / not care for
Translate: (inseparable): like; want (This phrasal verb is usually negative, though it may be used affirmatively in questions.)
Перевод: любить, обожать (используется обычно в отрицательной форме)
A: Would you care for something to drink? We have coffee, tea, or orange juice.
B: Could I have water, please? I don't care for coffee, tea, or juice.
Translate: (no object): develop understanding or knowledge of something
Перевод: войти в моду; завоевать популярность; привиться
Bill had never used a computer until he took this class, but he caught on very quickly and is now one of the best students.
catch up (with)
Translate: (often without an object; with an object, inseparable): stop being behind
Перевод: подхватить, нагнать, подняться
Terry stopped to rest for a few minutes. He'll catch up / catch up with us later.
Translate: (inseparable): register for / at a hotel, conference, etc.; let someone know officially that you have arrived
Перевод: регистрировать(ся) (на рейс)
When you arrive at the convention, be sure to check in at the registration desk.
Translate: (separable): make a mark to indicate that something on a list has been completed
Перевод: закончить работу; отметиться
Here are the things you need to do. Please check each one off when you've finished it.
check out (of)
Translate: (inseparable): follow procedures for leaving (a hotel, etc.)
Перевод: отметиться при уходе с работы; выписаться (из отеля)
Don't forget to take your room key to the front desk when you check out (when you check out of the hotel).
Translate: (separable): follow procedures for borrowing something (usually for a limited period of time)
Перевод: выписаться (из отеля)
I'm sorry, but you can't take that encyclopedia home. The library won't allow you to check reference books out.
Translate: (separable): help someone feel less worried / depressed / sad
Перевод: развеселить, поднять настроение
Suzie's brother was depressed about not getting a promotion, so she sent him a funny card to cheer him up.
Translate: (separable): scold someone severely; berate
Перевод: отругать, сделать выговор
Tom's father was really angry when Tom didn't come home until 3:00 AM. He chewed Tom out and then said Tom had to stay at home for two weeks.
Translate: (no object): lose the courage or confidence to do something--often at the last minute
Sam said he was going to ask Lulu for a date, but he chickened out.
Translate: (inseparable): contribute / donate (often money) to something done by a group
Перевод: входить в долю; принимать участие (в чём-л.); поддерживать
We're going to buy a birthday cake for our boss and I'm collecting donations. Do you want to chip in?
Translate: (inseparable): suddenly become quiet / refuse to talk about something
Перевод: (резко) замолчать
Lila wouldn't talk about the accident. When I asked her what happened, she clammed up.
Translate: (inseparable): find (unexpectedly)
Перевод: быть понятным, доходить (о словах, речи)
I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while your're cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place.
come down with
Translate: (inseparable): become ill with
George won't be at the office today. He came down with the flu over the weekend.
Translate: (inseparable): total
Перевод: равняться, составлять
Your charges come to $124.38. Will you pay by check, in cash, or with a credit card?
Translate: (no object): regain consciousness
Перевод: прийти в себя
When I told Gina that she'd won a million dollars, she fainted. When she came to, I told her it was a joke and she almost hit me!
Translate: (inseparable): depend on; trust that something will happen or that someone will do as expected
I'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I won't hear the alarm.
Translate: (separable): show that something written is wrong or unnecessary by making an X across it
Перевод: вычёркивать, стирать; удалять
We can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so I've crossed all the unnecessary things out.
cut back (on)
Translate: (often without an object; with an object, cut back on [inseparable]): use less of something
You drink too much coffee. You should cut back.